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Remove Disk from LVM Array on Ubuntu

This howto guide will go through the process of moving data off a disk in a LVM array, so it can be physically removed from the system.

Make sure you have enough free space on the filesystem to remove one of the disks.

In this example, I have 3x 2TB drives, and 1x 1.5TB drive. I will be removing the 1.5TB drive, so that I can later replace it with a larger drive.

Devices:

Drive Size LVM Partition Size Partition Device Notes
2 TB 1.8 TB /dev/sda5 (Contains the OS in the other ~200 GB)
2 TB 2 TB /dev/sdb1
2 TB 2 TB /dev/sdc1
1.5 TB 1.5 TB /dev/sdd1 (this is the drive to be removed)

The volume group name is “vg_storage1″, and the Logical volume name is “LogVol00″.

Note: This process worked fine for me. Make sure you have a backup of your data before doing this, as you could quite easily loose all your data if you get it wrong.

Unmount the filesystem

Stop any processes that may be accessing the filesystem that is on the LVM array you will be resizing.

This may include things like samba, nfs, ftp servers, etc. Anything that may be blocking access to unmount the filesystem.

Unmount the filesystem on the LVM array:

$ sudo umount /mnt/storage

In this case the mount point was /mnt/storage. Check your mount point using the ‘mount’ command.

Checking the filesystem

Check the filesystem for errors before attempting to resize it:

$ sudo e2fsck /dev/mapper/vg_storage1-LogVol00

Resize the filesystem

Resize the filesystem to a size that is lower than the total of the LVM array size after the drive is removed.

In my example, I am shrinking the filesystem down to 5000 gigabytes, which will fit on the remaining 3 hard drives.

This process may take some time to run through.

$ sudo resize2fs -p /dev/mapper/vg_storage1-LogVol00 5000G

Example output:

$ sudo resize2fs -p /dev/mapper/vg_storage1-LogVol00 5000G
resize2fs 1.41.11 (14-Mar-2010)
Resizing the filesystem on /dev/mapper/vg_storage1-LogVol00 to 1310720000 (4k) blocks.
Begin pass 2 (max = 281649206)
Relocating blocks             XXXXXXXXX-------------------------------
Begin pass 3 (max = 55039)
Scanning inode table          XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
The filesystem on /dev/mapper/vg_storage1-LogVol00 is now 1310720000 blocks long.
$

Now the filesystem has been reduced in size, you can reduce the logical volume size:

Shrink the Logical Volume

Make sure you resize the logical volume size to be larger than the filesystem size, so it doesnt corrupt the filesystem. It must also be smaller than the total amount of the drives after the drive is removed. In this example, I reduced the logical volume to 5200GB (or 5.08TB).

$ sudo lvreduce -L 5200G /dev/vg_storage1/LogVol00

Example output:

$ sudo lvreduce -L 5200G /dev/vg_storage1/LogVol00
  WARNING: Reducing active logical volume to 5.08 TiB
  THIS MAY DESTROY YOUR DATA (filesystem etc.)
Do you really want to reduce LogVol00? [y/n]: y
  Reducing logical volume LogVol00 to 5.08 TiB
  Logical volume LogVol00 successfully resized
$

Next you need to move any physical extents off the drive you want to remove.

Moving Physical Extents from the drive

Before removing the drive, you need to move any physical extents data off the drive.

$ sudo pvmove -i 600 -v /dev/sdd1

The “-i 600″ switch sets the interval time for status reports of the progress to every 10 minutes. This ran through almost instantly for me, but depending on how much data you have, this may differ.

Example output:

$ sudo pvmove -i 600 -v /dev/sdd1
    Finding volume group "vg_storage1"
    Archiving volume group "vg_storage1" metadata (seqno 14).
    Creating logical volume pvmove0
  No data to move for vg_storage1
$

Remove the drive from the volume group

Reduce the volume group to remove the linking between the volume group and the drive:

$ sudo vgreduce vg_storage1 /dev/sdd1

Example output:

$ sudo vgreduce vg_storage1 /dev/sdd1
  Removed "/dev/sdd1" from volume group "vg_storage1"
$

Remove the drive from the Physical Volume

Remove the drive from the physical volume, ready to remove the drive:

$ sudo pvremove /dev/sdd1

Example output:

$ sudo pvremove /dev/sdd1
  Labels on physical volume "/dev/sdd1" successfully wiped
$

You can now power off the system, and remove the drive.

Post Removal Tips

You can now resize the logical volume to use the maximum size, assuming you did the resizing with a bit of a buffer in the values of the partition and volume sizes.

(Note: Make sure the file system is not currently mounted).

Increase the size of the Logical volume

To resize the logical volume to the maximum size, you first need to run the following command, and note the “Total PE” value in the output:

$ sudo vgdisplay

Example output:

$ sudo vgdisplay
  --- Volume group ---
  VG Name               vg_storage1
  System ID
  Format                lvm2
  Metadata Areas        4
  Metadata Sequence No  16
  VG Access             read/write
  VG Status             resizable
  MAX LV                0
  Cur LV                1
  Open LV               0
  Max PV                0
  Cur PV                4
  Act PV                4
  VG Size               5.08 TiB
  PE Size               4.00 MiB
  Total PE              1403543
  Alloc PE / Size       1331200 / 5.08 TiB
  Free  PE / Size       72343 / 282.59 GiB
  VG UUID               qHNraE-QF3d-dknW-3qVE-SdM2-iHfr-CKkYVJ
$

Take the Total PE value, and use it in the following command (1403543 in this case):

$ sudo lvextend -l 1403543 /dev/vg_storage1/LogVol00

Example output:

$ sudo lvextend -l 1403543 /dev/vg_storage1/LogVol00
  Extending logical volume LogVol00 to 5.35 TiB
  Logical volume LogVol00 successfully resized
$

Increase the size of the filesystem

Finally, resize the filesystem to use the maximum size available:

$ sudo resize2fs -p /dev/vg_storage1/LogVol00

By not specifying any filesystem size, it will default to resizing to use the maximum space available.

Example output:

$ sudo resize2fs -p /dev/vg_storage1/LogVol00
resize2fs 1.41.11 (14-Mar-2010)
Resizing the filesystem on /dev/vg_storage1/LogVol00 to 1437228032 (4k) blocks.
Begin pass 1 (max = 26217)
Extending the inode table     XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
The filesystem on /dev/vg_storage1/LogVol00 is now 1437228032 blocks long.
$

Remount the filesystem

Mount the file system again:

$ sudo mount /mnt/storage


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